SX3: 4-Minute Time-Synchronized Spoofing over the Air on L1/E1 in Static Position

Spoofing is the most sophisticated form of interference and is difficult to be detected. It is a malicious attack that can manipulate various parameters, such as timing information, ranging information, and ephemeris data, leading the receiver to provide false information.

A spoofing attack can be categorized as either time-unsynchronized or time-synchronized, depending on the synchronization of the spoofer with GNSS satellites.

This product is a sample package on L1/E1 frequency recorded by an SX3 front-end in an open-sky environment. In this scenario, a time-synchronized position spoofing over the air is generated by a LOKI device.


  • Record Condition: Open sky, static
  • Length: ≈ 4 Minutes
  • Sampling Frequency: 20 MHz
  • Bit Resolution: 2 Bits
  • Scenario: Time-synchronized position spoofing (generated by a LOKI device over the air*)


* IGASPIN had exclusive permission for this test to transmit the GNSS spoofing signal over the air.

 585,99 incl. VAT

Includes 20% VAT
Delivery Time: no delivery time (e.g. download)

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