The primary objective of the SHIFT project is to design and construct secure technical simulation environments for CPS.
SHIFT Secure simulation technologies for cyber-physical systems
Cyber-physical systems (CPS) encompass the integration of software-related components with mechanical or electronic elements that communicate through data infrastructure. Unfortunately, due to digitization and increased connectivity, cybersecurity incidents have become increasingly common in CPS, as exemplified by instances like Stuxnet and WannaCry. Notable examples of CPS include industrial control systems, satellite navigation, air traffic management, and medical technology.
To gain a deeper understanding of the repercussions of cyberattacks, develop novel algorithms for detecting such attacks, and construct more resilient CPS architectures, it is imperative to establish secure technical simulation environments. Additionally, these simulation environments can serve as training grounds for preparing against cyber threats and enhancing the skills and knowledge of the workforce.
However, a significant challenge lies in the fact that many CPS technologies are commercially licensed, with limited availability of open-source solutions. This, alongside other factors, complicates the creation of technical simulation environments and hampers the sharing of knowledge in designing and implementing these environments for CPS.
The primary objective of the SHIFT project is to design and construct secure technical simulation environments for CPS. The project encompasses three main facets:
- CPSLabs Development: These labs will integrate technical simulation environments for CPS, particularly focusing on layer 1 (physical layer) and layer 2 (data link layer) of the OSI model. They will enable the simulation of specific CPS scenarios and processes, making cyber-attacks comprehensible through the implementation of realistic CPS applications.
- Use Case-Specific CPSLabs: Two CPSLabs will be established for specific use cases, targeting industrial control systems and satellite navigation.
- Integration and Application Development: Concepts and methodologies will be devised for incorporating the industrial training environment into existing training programs for various stakeholders in Austria, including public authorities and operators of essential services. These stakeholders can utilize CPSLabs to enhance the knowledge and skills of their personnel. Incident exercises related to CPS will be carried out in Austria to evaluate the effectiveness of this approach.
SHIFT facilitates technology development and simulation within CPS, crucial for organizations like essential service providers. CPSLabs play a pivotal role in augmenting the expertise of individual employees, thereby bolstering the resilience of organizations in Austria, including BwDs. The implementation of SHIFT enhances readiness against cyber incidents, contributing to Austria’s long-term resilience.